“20th PSCC 2018 papers submission and review platform

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Hierarchical Predictive Control Algorithms for Optimal Design and Operation of Microgrids

In recent years, microgrids, i.e., disconnected distribution systems, have received increasing interest from power system utilities to support the economic and resiliency posture of their systems. The economics of long distance transmission lines prevent many remote communities from connecting to bulk transmission systems and these communities rely on off-grid microgrid technology. Furthermore, communities that are connected to the bulk transmission system are investigating microgrid technologies that will support their ability to disconnect and operate independently during extreme events. In each of these cases, it is important to develop methodologies that support the capability to design and operate microgrids in the absence of transmission over long periods of time. Unfortunately, such planning problems tend to be computationally difficult to solve and those that are straightforward to solve often lack the modeling fidelity that inspires confidence in the results. To address these issues, we first develop a high fidelity model for design and operations of a microgrid that include component efficiencies, component operating limits, battery modeling, unit commitment, capacity expansion, and power flow physics; the resulting model is a mixed-integer quadratically-constrained quadratic program (MIQCQP). We then develop an iterative algorithm, referred to as the Model Predictive Control (MPC) algorithm, that allows us to solve the resulting MIQCQP. We show, through extensive computational experiments, that the MPC-based method can scale to problems that have a very long planning horizon and provide high quality solutions that lie within 5% of optimal.

Author(s):

Sai Krishna Kanth Hari    
Texas A&M University
United States

Kaarthik Sundar    
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States

Harsha Nagarajan    
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States

Russell Bent    
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States

Scott Backhaus    
Los Alamos National Laboratory
United States

 

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