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A Multi-Objective Method to Design Demand Response Strategies for Power Systems including Wind Power Generation

The uncertainty and variability of renewable energy sources, wind energy in particular, poses serious challenges for the optimal operation and planning of power systems. In this paper, in order to obtain flexible market conditions while power generated by renewable units is short and supply and demand are imbalanced, a Demand Response (DR) strategy is studied to provide network requirements, because Demand Response Programs (DRPs) improve demand potential and increase security, stability and economic performance. The proposed hybrid model created by the integration of wind energy and DR using Time of Use (ToU) or Emergency DRP (EDRP) improves supply and demand. The problem is solved considering the Independent System Operator (ISO) and using a stochastic multiple-objective (MO) method. The objective is to simultaneously minimize the operation costs and the
environmental pollution while assuring compliance of network
security constraints and considering multiple economical and
technical indexes.

Author(s):

Miadreza Shafie-khah    
C-MAST / University of Beira Interior
Portugal

Marta Ribeiro    
Faculty of Engineering of Universtity of Porto (FEUP)
Portugal

Neda Hajibandeh    
C-MAST / University of Beira Interior
Portugal

Gerardo Osório    
C-MAST / University of Beira Interior
Portugal

João Catalão    
Faculty of Engineering of Universtity of Porto (FEUP)
Portugal

 

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