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Unit Commitment Problem with AC Power Flow Constraints for a Hybrid Transmission Grid

A unit commitment formulation satisfying AC optimal power flow constraints models the resource optimization problem accurately, but is challenging to solve for traditional transmission systems. Integration of generation based on renewable energy sources is often limited by transmission congestion issues in existing grids. For such grids, AC to HVDC conversion schemes are viable and attractive options for capacity expansion. In this respect, we utilize the structural properties of a hybrid AC/HVDC grid architecture with a specific topology to enable an exact mixed integer conic relaxation of the aforementioned problem. The simulation results for the PJM 5-bus system show that the relaxation is exact for the hybrid architecture. Further, it alleviates the network congestion leading to a substantial reduction in generation cost at normal and increased load conditions compared to the reference AC grid. Moreover, the hybrid architecture improves the utilization of the grid to accommodate more demand and generation.

Author(s):

Mohasha Isuru Sampath Lahanda Purage    
Interdisciplinary Graduate School, Nanyang Technological University
Singapore

Matthias Hotz    
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Technical University of Munich
Germany

Hoay Beng Gooi    
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University
Singapore

Wolfgang Utschick    
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Technical University of Munich
Germany

 

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